In 1934, New Zealand doctor, J.E.Caughey, while on a postgraduate visit to Tubingen University, met a psychiatrist who freely discussed the euthanasia programme operating in State hospitals.
He also met Professor Ernest Rudin of the renowned Kaeplin Psychiatrics Hospital, who was a leading geneticist in the Nazi Party and prominent in promoting the Aryan ideal of a Master Race.
Professor Ernest Rudin was responsible for the introduction in 1933 of the compulsory sterilisation of persons with minor and major birth defects.
Dr J.E.Caughey writes: “By 1936, the killing of those considered to be psychiatrically and socially unfit, and children with physical defects was generally accepted and the subject was openly discussed in medical literature.”
Source: J.E. Caughey, “How Mercy Killing Expanded”, The Southland Times, July 10th , 1985
Euthanasia in the Third Reich
The first order for euthanasia was issued by Hitler in the spring of 1939, when the parents of a severely handicapped baby petitioned him for their baby to be killed.
The head of his personal Chancellor, Phillip Boulher directed the Reich’s first euthanasia programme. It was secret and by the end of the war, an estimated 5,000 children had been murdered by either injection, or deliberate malnutrition.
In October1939, Hitler ordered that the extermination programme be extended to include adults. So large were the numbers involved, that a new method of killing had to be devised.
Gas chambers were constructed in six mental hospitals in Germany, to which patients were transferred from mental institutions all over the Reich. By the time that programme was officially stopped by Hitler in August 1941, under pressure from public protests, some 72,000 people had been murdered.
However, during the next two years, a separate programme was developed by the Fuhrer’s Chancellery under the code name 14F13, the reference number for the Inspector of Concentration Camps.
The grounds for this programme were extended to include: mental illness, physical incapacity, and racial origin, which included both Jews and Gypsies.
In less than two decades, a death culture enveloped the German nation. By 1943, there were 24 main death camps such as Dachau, Treblinka, Buchenwald, and Auschwitz, and over 350 smaller camps, engaged in ethnic cleansing.
Dr Leo Alexander under the heading “The Early Change in Medical Attitudes” warned:
“It is important to realise that the infinitely small, wedged-in lever, from which all this entire trend of mind received its impetus, was the attitude towards the non-rehabitable sick.”
Source: “Euthanasia and the Growth of a Death Culture”, by Nyall Paris. Published in Cutting Edge 19, 1995.