The former Communist regime planned to increase the population by 50% by the year 2000. Under this policy, contraception was unavailable and abortion illegal.

Once the Communist regime crumbled, the new government in 1990 broadened the grounds for abortion. In 1991, abortion on request was authorized.

In 1986, the law was tightened further to ban abortions for any female under age 45, unless her life was in danger.