South Pacific

Abortions are permitted only to save the woman's life under Fiji law.

Section 103-105 of the Criminal Offences Act regulates abortion in Tonga. Under these sections, there are no exceptions to a prohibition against the performance of all abortions.

However under general criminal law principles of necessity, an abortion can be legally performed to save the life of the woman.

Abortion is regulated by the Crimes Ordinance of 1961 in Samoa, as amended by the Crimes Amendment Act of 1969, making abortion generally illegal. Article 73, however, provides for abortion to save the woman's life.

Samoa's legal system is based on English common law and follows the 1938 Rex v Bourne decision, allowing abortion to preserve the woman's physical and mental health.