The abortion laws became more liberal with new conditions introduced in 1989. Strong restrictions had been imposed in 1973 to reverse the declining birth rate. There had been a total ban in the 1940s and early 50s, followed by partial liberalization in 1953 and 1956.

In December 1991, Hungary's highest court ruled that these liberal abortion regulations were unconstitutional and gave parliament until the end of 1992 to change them.

The law permits abortion up to 12 weeks where a risk exists. The existence of a threat to health must be confirmed by two doctors. Rape must be confirmed by the start of police proceedings.

If she qualifies for an abortion, a woman must undergo counselling and wait three days. After 12 weeks, abortion may be allowed for foetal deformity, or the pregnancy is endangering the life of the woman.