Abortion advocates believe that every woman has the right to choose an abortion when faced with an unwanted pregnancy irrespective of the reasons for wanting the abortion.The popular understanding of abortion on demand, is abortion available on request. A woman's desire, or choice, to be "un-pregnant", is considered her legal right, and no justification is required.
- Abortion in the Soviet Union was regarded as a means of liberating women from domestic slavery.
- Countries in the West tried to balance traditional ethical restraints with the realities of the Sexual Revolution.
- Scandanavian countries generally permitted abortion on demand in the first trimester
- UN and other organisations adopted the right to safe, legal abortion as a political goal.
- In countries where abortion on demand is available, advocates insist that the foetus is not fully human - lacking personhood.
The government, and the medical establishment, regard abortion as a core health service, and work together to ensure that women have easily available access to abortion facilities.
The rationale for abortion on demandIn 1920, the Communist Party of the Soviet Union pioneered abortion on demand. The only proviso was that abortions be performed in public hospitals. Abortion was regarded as a means of liberating women from domestic slavery, enabling full and equal participation as workers.
The Communists were aided in introducing immediate abortion on demand by their militant atheism. There were no moral or ethical restraints to what they regarded as social progress.
"Reproductive rights are a series of rights that enable all women to decide whether or not to have children."
As the Abortion Supervisory Committee has admitted, 98% of the abortions are permitted on the "spurious" grounds of mental health. The reality, they said is that a situation of "abortion on demand exists" up to 12 weeks.
A potential human beingIn countries where abortion on demand is freely available (despite some legal restrictions) up to 12 or 13 weeks, medical professionals and clinical staff involved with abortion tend to insist that the foetus is not fully human ? lacking personhood.
Abortion opponents argue that this attitude ignores medical evidence to the contrary, and is a coping mechanism of denial.